Home schools are not new. The recent growth in home schools and the implications this growth has for our understanding of Christian education and the roles of parents and church in this Christian education, necessitates a careful examination of what Scripture teaches concerning Christian education. The report which follows includes this examination of Scripture. Following this is a discussion of the responsibility of the congregation for Christian education, a brief survey of the writings of Christian educators who spoke to the issue of home education, and an analysis of the legal issues of home education. The report also discusses the capability of parents today to educate their own children and the social/cognitive effects of home schools. The final section summarizes the study with a set of concluding observations.